This is the last unpublished concerto of eight originally written for transverse flute, strings and continuo that have survived and of which can be certaing that Telemann is the composer. In the catalog of his works, this concerto is listed as “Concerto polonoise 51:D3”. It is difficult to date precisely, but the most probably assumption is that it was composed in the 1720s, the first years that Telemann spent in Hamburg, Germany. The title refers to the first movement with its typical melodic and rhythmic polonaise elements. The second movement is an allegro with the emphasis on virtuosity, in which soloist and tutti are contrasted in concertante style. The third movement, on the other hand, is like a recitative, only seven bars long, and acting as a transition to the last movement in dance rhythm.