Symphony No. 104 'London'
Composed by Joseph Haydn
Arranged for flute ensemble by Robert Rainford
Published by Forton Music
Includes score and parts
(Optional G treble)
4 Concert Flutes
(Optional Contr'alto Flute)
(Optional Sub-Contrabass Flute in G)
(Optional Double Contrabass Flute in C)
This is an arrangement of the last symphony that Haydn wrote. It was composed and premiered in London in 1795, and was an instant success. Following the standard four movement pattern of the time, it starts with a slow, serious introduction before the lighter, fast first movement begins properly. Using just one main theme, Haydn spins a delightful series of moods and emotions before rushing to the exciting conclusion. The second movement is more measured and controlled, but with episodes of drama and tension. The third movement is a traditional minuet and trio, with the lightness and humour of Haydn. The last movement has elements of folk music, with its opening low drone and peasant-like melody. Haydn however alternates the romping first section ideas with a more sophisticated, legato second section. This creates a delicious balance and has to make for one of the most satisfying symphonies ever written.